Yoga Vocabulary

Asana Words

Adho-Mukha: face downwards
Ardha: half
Baddha: bound, caught, restrained, firm
Chandra: the moon
Danda: a staff
Dhanu: a bow
Dwi: two, both
Dwi-hasta: two hands
Dwi-pada: two feet or legs
Eka: one, single, alone, only
Hala: a plough
Hasta: the hand
Hatha: sun/moon; balance
Janu: the knee
Matsya: a fish
Mudra: a seal; a sealing posture
Mukha: face
Namaste: commonly said at the end of yoga class by the instructor and the students. One beautiful interpretation: I honor that place in you where the whole Universe resides. And when I am in that place in me and you are in that place in you, there is only one of us
Nava: a boat
Pada: the foot or leg; also part of a book
Padangustha: the big toe
Padma: a lotus
Parivrtta: turned around, revolved
Paschimottanasana: seated forward bend
Pranayama: rhythmic control of the breath; the fourth stage of yoga
Prasarita: spread out, stretched out
Pincha: feather
Raja: a king, a ruler
Salamba: with support
Sukha: easy
Supta: reclining
Surya: the sun
Svana: a dog
Tada: a mountain
Udara: abdomen
Upavistha: seated
Urdhva: raised, elevated, tending upwards
Urdhva-mukha: face upwards
Utthita: raised up, extended, stretched
Viparita: inverted
Vira: hero
Yogi or Yogini: male/female - one who follows the path of yoga


Adho-Mukha Svanasana: downward-facing dog pose
Anjaneyasana: half-mooon pose
Bakasana: crane pose
Balasana: child's pose
Bhujangasana: cobra pose
Karna Pidasana: ear pressure pose
Navasana: boat pose
Parivrtta Trikonasana: revolved triangle
Supta Virasana: supine hero pose
Tadasana: mountain pose; standing tall
Uttanasana: standing forward bend intense stretch
Virabhadrasana I warrior I pose